The coating is resistant to wear, but over time, scratches, dashes, stripes, chips, cracks, and bulges form on the smooth surface. The possibility of such situations increases with improper installation of the laminate or ignoring the rules of its use.

How to remove scratches from laminate flooring

To keep your laminate as good as new, you must place rugs under the feet of the headset items when you move them. Also, walk on laminate flooring with clean shoes, as grains of sand will lead to scratches.
The easiest method to remove scratches is to use crayons for small scratches and putty on large scratches.

Removing shallow scratches

Purchase wax crayon that is similar in color to your laminate.
Vacuum the floor. Cover the cracks with crayon. Then remove excess wax with a dry cloth and polish the floor.

Eliminate deep scratches

Buy a paste with a shade identical to the color of the laminate.
Use a spatula to fill large cracks with the paste. Wipe the laminate with a clean cloth to wipe off excess paste. Let the material dry for 2 hours.

How to replace one board

Method 1 - dismantling the laminate.
Vacuum the floor first. Then you need to remove the baseboard from the nearest wall. After the boards are disassembled to the one that has scratches, chips. The next step is to replace this board. Then they attach the old boards and baseboard back.
Method 2 - replacing one board.
Wear safety glasses. Use a household drill to drill holes in each corner of the bad board, stepping back 10-15 mm from the edges. Next, drill holes along the length of the board on the left and right sides with a drill every 25 cm.
Using a pencil and a ruler, draw a line that will connect the holes. Adjust the depth of cut of the circular saw to match the thickness of the board.
Saw the board along the pencil line starting from the center. Use a cutter to cut the board widthwise, then lengthwise. Remove the inside of the board. Remove the remains of the old board. Vacuum the floor.
Using a cutter, cut off the bottom of the lock on all sides of the new board.
Apply wood glue to the perimeter of the new board and place it on the floor. Wipe off excess adhesive with a clean cloth. Place the weight on top.
How to prevent gaps between laminate joints
The coating should get used to the room temperature and humidity. Because of this, it must lie in the room for 2 days.

Lay laminate flooring as flat as possible.

What to do if there are gaps between laminate joints?
If the gaps are small, then a composition with wood filler can be placed in them. But this can only be done if the gaps are small.
If the gaps are large, then the laminate should be disassembled. First you need to remove the baseboard. Then the boards are removed to a place with gaps.
After that, boards with gaps are taken. Inspecting their castles. If the boards are good, they can be laid out again. If the boards are bad, then new ones are placed in their place.

How to properly lay laminate flooring so that there are no gaps

There are rolls and sheets for laminate in stores. They increase the ability to retain heat in the room, smooth out bumps and bumps on the base. They muffle sounds.
It is necessary to connect the boards correctly, otherwise gaps will appear. Remove dirt and dust from ridges and grooves before laying. If you come across a board that has defects, cracks, chips, then it is not used.
If after some time after installation there are strong gaps that are wider than 2.5 mm, then there may be problems with air humidity. Laminate flooring changes its size depending on the temperature and humidity of the air, because of this, it must be acclimatized to the conditions in the room before laying.

How to close small gaps

You can apply glue to the grooves, but make sure the boards are not glued to the subfloor base. But do not forget that you cannot subsequently disassemble the boards without damaging them.
Closing large gaps
You can cover the cracks with paste by squeezing it out of the syringe or re-lay the laminate.

Eliminate laminate swelling

Laminate swells after improper installation. The main reason for the swelling of the laminate is that there was no space between the boards and the wall. As a result, there is no room to expand the boards.
It is required to take a board close to the wall, saw off a bar 1-5 cm wide along its length. Place it back. If the swelling is still there, place the weight on the board and wait 24 hours.
The boards will also not be able to expand when the room temperature changes if the skirting board is attached directly to the laminate. Laminate must not be attached to baseboards or subfloors.
When laying the covering, pegs are inserted between it and the wall.

What to do to prevent the material from delamination

To prevent the coating from exfoliating, it is not advised to wash it with water or soap solution. Better to buy a special laminate cleaner. It is applied to the floor and then wiped with a dry, non-abrasive cloth.