Modern linoleum, which is sold on the market and in stores, today has nothing to do with PVC. These materials differ in production technology, chemical composition and properties of the final product in the form of flooring. Linoleum is of natural origin, and PVC is produced artificially by polymerizing vinyl chloride.
To confuse these two steel materials is due to the fact that sometimes two concepts are used: natural and synthetic linoleum, which is actually PVC. Recently, whole lines of branches have also appeared, for example, a type of natural linoleum - marmoleum.
Main characteristics of PVC:
PVC is a synthetic (man-made) material with a high chlorine content. In fact, it is the second most commonly used synthetic material on earth. It is obtained by polymerization of vinyl chloride, a volatile but, unfortunately, carcinogenic gas. The main raw material is the production of PVC chlorine, obtained by electrolysis of an aqueous salt solution. There are many cheap ways to make PVC products, the material is easily processed by rolling, extrusion, injection molding, vacuum forming, blowing, and other methods.
Half of all PVC products are used for construction, replacing traditional materials: wood, concrete, stone, ceramics and textiles.
PVC is suitable for both residential and commercial buildings. It is becoming more and more popular due to its modern finishes (decoration, imitation wood, stone and paving), thus replacing natural material. The advantages of PVC are obvious. It is low cost, lightweight and fast installation, easy maintenance and long service life. If we talk about the shortcomings, then there are several of them. The main disadvantage is the negative impact on the environment and human health. Vinyl chloride monomer, which polymerizes, causes a special type of liver cancer called angiosarcoma.
In addition, despite the relative cheapness of PVC, it is an energy-intensive material. If you want to preserve nature and your health, and also have the opportunity to pay more, instead of PVC flooring, it is better to consider the option of purchasing linoleum.
PVC floors can be single or multi-layer. The first option, of course, is cheaper, but it is also less durable. The thickness of the multi-layer floor ranges from 1.35 to 4.0 mm, and the top layer to prevent slipping must be at least 0.2 mm. PVC coverings are softer, giving the impression of being soft and flexible when walking. In addition, they are good at insulating heat and noise.
PVC floors are made in rolls and look like a wooden laminate, which at first glance is difficult to distinguish from the original, and also in the form of squares. Taking into account the useful properties, PVC floors are divided into homogeneous and heterogeneous. The latter are used in particularly heavy areas with high loads. Such floors consist of two or more layers. There is also a variety for home use, which is laid in residential areas. These floors are softer. Homogeneous floors have the same composition and design throughout their entire thickness. Thus, the covering of the entire floor is solid and does not differ in any way in different areas.
Do not use conventional detergents to clean PVC floors. Choose special formulations for resilient floor coverings. This will increase the lifespan of the floor by several years.
The main characteristics of linoleum:
Linoleum was originally created as a cork carpet, parts of which were made of rubber or gutta-percha. Today's linoleum is a floor covering made from natural raw materials. It does not harm nature, does not cause allergies, is hygienic (stops the growth of microorganisms or limits their spread), it is easy to maintain its original state. Linoleum, unlike PVC, is easier to ignite, but does not cause harmful chemical vapors.
The material is made from linseed oil, wood or cork flour, ground limestone and natural resins. The strips of prepared raw materials are pressed into jute fabrics. The properties of a particular linoleum depend on the raw materials used, but in any case it is a natural and ecological material.