The floor is a structural element of the room, which has the maximum load. Given this fact, the floor covering must withstand all external factors: from physical impact to changes in humidity. Parquet itself is a reliable material, but to preserve its beauty and characteristics you need parquet chemistry in all its diversity.
Purpose and types of parquet chemistry
Professional parquet chemistry is a general definition for a set of care products for expensive natural wood material. These are primers, tints, putties, substrates, adhesives, cleaners, care and restoration. Their common task: to protect, clean, prevent the consequences of negative external influences.
The variety of properties and types of parquet chemicals is great: it all depends on the required properties. In some cases, wear resistance is important, in some - the protection of the decorative coating. The most relevant tools in the range of chemicals for parquet:
primer for parquet. Its purpose - elimination of cracks, leveling of roughnesses, creation of a basis for uniform drawing of a varnish layer. The high-quality primer is capable to protect laths from a mold and rotting, from temperature differences;
varnish. Needed to create a protective layer (or layers) that prevents the penetration of dirt, moisture and water into the wood;
butter. Varnish alternative - protects laths from pollution and moisture, emphasizes a beautiful natural pattern of wood;
wax. Needed to protect the floor from moisture, sunburn, mechanical damage. Layers of wax are often supplemented with oil-impregnated parquet;
putty. Mandatory element of the list of parquet chemistry. It is intended for elimination of cracks, spots and chips on a ready surface;
glue. It is necessary for reliable fixing of a parquet board at glue installation.
The most widespread parquet chemistry: glue and a varnish
Glue, as it is already known, is necessary for installation of laths. Adhesives are now available to choose from, divided into three main groups: synthetic, two-component and dispersion. The first is produced without the use of organic solvents. This makes the composition universal and suitable for all types of parquet, including moisture-sensitive. It has good fluidity and excellent adhesion.
The basis for the two-component adhesive is polyurethane. Ingredients - hardener and glue itself, which must be mixed before use. Glue is most often used for parquet from expensive wood. Dispersion adhesives are also made without organic matter and are used for mosaic and tongue-and-groove parquets, three-layer parquet board, gluing plywood base to concrete.
Popular parquet chemistry - varnishes for an external covering. The main functions of the material are to protect the material from external influences and give it a beautiful and neat appearance. The standard varnish covering - three-layer (the first layer - a first coat). Lucky is classified by:
color (transparent, with shades);
degrees of reflection (matte, semi-matte, glossy);
basis (water, alkyd, polyurethane);
technological properties (viscosity, fluidity, load resistance).
The choice of parquet chemistry depends on the type of coating (100% solid board or multilayer version), type of wood, features of floor operation. Modern manufacturers indicate on the packaging, what means the material is processed and what chemicals you need to buy to ensure quality care. It is worth listening to the recommendations - thanks to this, the parquet will last longer, while maintaining the external and physical properties.