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Parquet board is a type of floor covering, which is a multi-layer structure of glued wooden planks. The floors, covered with parquet boards, are characterized by a noble appearance with a beautiful wood structure.
A brief history of 3-layer parquet boards:
The method of gluing together wooden lamellas was invented in 1919 by the Swedish door manufacturer Gustav Cher. This innovation allowed the creation of robust structures that were virtually unresponsive to changes in humidity and temperature fluctuations in the room.
In 1941, Gustav Cher applied the lamellar principle to the production of flooring material. This is how a classic three-layer parquet board appeared - the most successful and progressive version of wood flooring. By the way, it is Gustav who owns the patent for the material.
In 1958, the Chera company introduced another innovation - covering the surface with a protective varnish layer. In 1984, the same company was the first in the world to use an environmentally friendly solvent-free varnish.
Construction of two - and three-layer parquet boards
In Ukraine, you can buy a parquet board of two types - three-layer (it is more common) and two-layer. A separate category is single-layer parquet, which in many ways resembles a solid solid board.
The three-layer parquet construction is as follows:
The upper, or working and decorative layer - wood of valuable species (veneer) 0.5-6 mm thick;
The middle layer is thin, coniferous / hardwood lamellas. It has a shock-absorbing purpose. It is also on the middle layer that the locking system is introduced;
Bottom - one-piece plywood sheet, used for fastening the lamellas of the middle layer. Hardwood or softwood is also used for the production of plywood.
A two-layer parquet board, contrary to opinions, is not a partial copy of a three-layer parquet. Both layers of material are larch plywood. The veneer in plywood is glued crosswise: due to this, internal stress is removed in the material, and it acquires internal resistance to external negative influences. The castle in this version is created on the basis of the lower layer.
Selection of parquet boards:
The attractiveness of a parquet board depends on the characteristics of the top layer. The most common veneer thickness for covering is 4 mm or more. This allows, if necessary, to subject the surface to additional processing: planing, brushing, bleaching, staining. At the end of the treatment, the surface is coated with multi-layer varnish or a layer of wax and natural oils.
In general, the appearance of a parquet board depends on the selection of wood - it means the features of the selection of material for the top layer. The texture of the wood, its color, the presence or absence of knots, sapwood are taken into account. With this in mind, the following collections of parquet boards are distinguished:
Select - strips of the same structure and color, without defects and knots, with an almost monochromatic pattern. A good option for floors in luxury interiors.
Natur - combined color options are possible. Knots are allowed. The parquet board is universal - suitable for all interiors.
Rustic - catchy, bright colors, there are knots and even cracks in the structure. Suitable for floors in country style interiors.
Features of pricing
The price of a parquet board directly depends on the selection: Select is the most expensive option,
Natur - "the golden mean",
Rustic is the most affordable.
Another price factor is the number of stripes on the board.
Plank 1-strip is not much different from the usual solid wood. It is advisable to use it in rooms with a large view and an impressive area. The price of a single-strip parquet board is high, since it has an impressive width (standard - 137 mm), and at the same time it is made of valuable wood.
More affordable two-layer parquet board. It is suitable for large rooms and complements a solid stylish interior. The most optimal price for a three-layer parquet board: it has excellent operational properties, and due to its durability, all costs will pay off.
Parquet board connection systems: tongue-groove and lock:
The simplest (classic) way of connecting a parquet board is a tongue-groove: one of the sides of each board has a tongue, the other has a groove. The elements are freely connected, but they do not achieve reliable fixation. Such fastening is advisable when laying parquet on joists or laying on glue.
To improve the fixation, modern parquet board manufacturers began to create interlocking joints. Some of them proved to be so effective that they became standard. So, the T-Lock is considered the most reliable and convenient lock, which allows laying parquet on the substrate in a "floating" way: without gluing or other fixing of the boards. Almost all global flooring manufacturers invest in custom-designed locks.
There are two types of connections:
1. Lock - the board is inserted into the groove at an angle and when lowering, the lock clicks into place.
2. Click - the lock clicks when fastening two boards with a