The theater starts from the coat rack, and the apartment from the floor. A beautiful flooring is the basis of a quality and comfortable home. An excellent choice is laminate. Moreover, laying out a laminate floor is easier than assembling a designer.
The modern building materials market offers a wide range of laminates for every taste. Essentially, the face of the laminate is a high quality photograph. Therefore, it reproduces the surface structure of any material or wood species extremely realistically.
For the kitchen floor, you can take a laminate that imitates ceramic tiles.
Since the kitchen is the place where various objects most often fall on the floor, it is advisable to choose a high-strength laminate, usually 34. The thickness of the plates of such a laminate will be 10-13 mm.
For the floor in the rooms, you can choose an imitation of parquet or solid wood. Strength class may be lower. But if the base is not a concrete screed, but an old creaking floor, then plates 10-12 mm thick are also better. The chances of squeaking will be minimal. Now about the assembly of such a floor. Laminate is laid on a solid, solid base (concrete screed, wood, thick plywood, etc.). A special shock-absorbing substrate (thin foam rubber, cork plates or polystyrene plates) is laid on the base.
The underlay is sold with the laminate. Each package of laminate plates is accompanied by instructions for connecting the plates to each other. The end sides of the plates are made in the form of special locks, which very firmly and without a gap connect the plates to each other. In a good laminate, the locks are covered with a thin layer of wax, which makes the floor completely waterproof. To connect the plates, it is enough to insert at a slight angle the protruding part of the lock on the side of the next laid plate into the receiving groove of the already laid plate and lay it horizontally with a small clamping force. In not very convenient places (usually at the edge of the wall) it will be inconvenient to press the plate with your hands and a gap may appear in the butt joint. In this case, use a small rubber mallet. It is advisable to tap not on the lock on the plate opposite to the butted side (it may crumble), but through a wooden lath.
Ideally, if it will be a piece of laminate to be laid with the same lock. In difficult places, for example, in the place where heating pipes pass or oval corners, first a stencil of the desired shape is cut out of cardboard or thick paper. Then, according to this stencil, the plate is cut and laid in place. Laminate is easily cut with a fine-toothed hacksaw or jigsaw. The floor laid out from laminate is a rigid solid mass, which is subject to slight thermal expansion. Therefore, when laying laminate floors, two simple rules must be followed.
Firstly, there should be a gap of 1-1.5 cm between the edges of the laminate array and the walls.
Secondly, the skirting board is only attached to the wall. Good luck!