In today's world, every third person chooses laminate flooring in a house or apartment. All because the material is durable, attractive, 80% composed of natural ingredients.
At detailed consideration the laminate is multilayered and very dense. For its production specially processed plates of a chipboard and DVP are applied. High-quality laminate with a long service life has 4 layers:
The bottom layer (melamine). The basis gives to a plate of a chipboard (or internal combustion engine) big reliability, prevents deformation, interferes with influence of water and any liquids.
Basis. A layer of dense chipboard or internal combustion engine. It determines the strength of the product, moisture resistance, resistance to loads, sound insulation, etc. This layer is responsible for the reliability of the connection and has various locking systems. The thickness of the base layer is usually 5 to 10 millimeters.
Decorative drawing. This is the thinnest layer made of paper, on the surface of which a certain pattern is applied. Colors and images can mimic wood, stone, leather, and more.
Protective coating. This is a top layer of half a centimeter, consisting of a unique acrylic resin. Serves as protection of a decorative layer - protects from chemical or mechanical damages, protects color. Some well-known manufacturers use powerful electronic beams in production, which allows to increase the strength of the product many times over.
In the process of production under the influence of high temperatures and pressure all 4 layers are strongly "compressed" among themselves, forming a single integral product - the laminate panel.
The main types and differences of laminate
There are more than ten types of laminate, each of which has a special level of strength and durability, purpose, shape, type of lock, and more.
Laminate differs in surface design:
classic wooden surface;
gloss, oil wood;
Laminate boards are rectangular or in the form of tiles. Each panel is connected by locks of two types - Lock or Click.
Laminate is divided into three classes of wear resistance:
class 21 - is intended for rooms with a low level of passability;
class 22 - can be used in bedrooms, dressing rooms;
class 23 - average service life, will be suitable for a hall, a corridor, a drawing room;
Class 31 is an excellent option for homes where large families live;
class 32 - the covering can be used for small offices with average passability;
class 33 - an excellent option for home and office;
class 34 - "sports" covering for houses and offices with a high level of passability.
Each of the classes has its own price category, but can be used for other purposes. For example, for people who make repairs every 7-10 years, a middle-class laminate in the middle price range is quite suitable.
Advantages of use
Laminate flooring is in high demand because it has a number of positive characteristics:
Easy to care for.
Can be used in rooms with high humidity.
Ease of laying allows you to quickly and easily lay laminate with your own hands, even without experience and special knowledge in this area. But it is better to use the services of professionals.